How to get into Stanford with Bs on your transcript

I can't believe I'd never found Cal Newport's blog until yesterday. 

He's a Phi Beta Kappa grad from Dartmouth who also got a PhD in electrical engineering from MIT in 2009.  And he's the author of a new book, How to Be a High School Superstar: A Revolutionary Plan to Get into College by Standing Out

But the real reason I was so happy to find his work is that he's all about showing students:

  • How to live a low-stress, under-scheduled, relaxed high school lives yet still do phenomenally well in college admissions. 
  • How you can get into great colleges and have a successful life by simply doing fewer things, doing them better, and knowing why you're doing them
  • Why it's more important in college admissions that you be interesting than it is for you to be impressive.

And even if you're one of those students who has your heart set on a
highly selective college, Cal's techniques can work for you, too. For starters, check out his post, How to Get Into Stanford with Bs on your transcript.

“Be yourself” is the only marketing advice that can work

I've written often on this blog that you have to be careful who you listen to when taking college admissions advice.  Steve Singer, Director of College Counseling at Horace Mann School in The Bronx, is one of the people kids, parents and other counselors should listen to.  I've heard him speak on panels at conferences, and every time I do, I learn something.

Singer is retiring this year, and recently shared some great advice in this piece from The New York Times.   Here's a snippet from the part about college essays (but the whole thing is well worth the read).


Everyone is trying to come across as Edmund Wilson, Erwin Schrödinger or
Edna St. Vincent Millay. What do they want? Actually, essays that make
them feel like they’re in their room with a 17-year-old kid, albeit
thoughtful and accomplished. Feel free. Be yourself. It’s the only
marketing device that can work.

College applications can be too good

We don’t necessarily want our Collegewise kids to submit perfect applications.

Sure, if your application is sloppy, that’s not good.  If you fail to follow directions, that’s not good.  And if you mistakenly write, “I first became interested in Duke when I was back in the womb”…in an essay for your Georgetown application, that’s really not good.

But the problem with a perfect application is that it’s much more than just error-free.  A perfect application has an essay that reads like Hemingway wrote it (even if the student has never been recognized for his writing).  The list of activities is infused with puffery like, “Responsible for compiling, interpreting and distributing game-related data,” instead of just saying, “Varsity basketball statistician.”  A perfect application reads like a polished sales pitch.  It doesn’t feel real.  And that almost always means one thing–this kid didn’t do it all himself.

A college application, from the list of activities to the essays, should always sound like the 17 year-old who wrote it.  That’s why we don’t fill out applications for our kids, why we won’t tell them what to write in their essays or what to say in their interviews.  Sure, we guide them.  We give them good advice.  But we won’t do it for them.  We don’t swoop in at the end and polish their application by fixing every minute detail.  That just removes the kid’s voice from the work.  Making it too perfect kills the authenticity.

I learned a new tidbit in this article about kids getting too much help–“DDI” is admissions lingo for “Daddy did it.”

Here are a couple insights from the article


“We definitely encounter essays that seem too good to be true,” said Eric J. Kaplan, interim dean of admissions of the University of Pennsylvania. “Highly sophisticated cadence and tone, perfectly polished prose, revelations that are almost profound, even for the most brilliant 17-year-old.”


…When an essay raises eyebrows, the first step is to judge it against the rest of the application, administrators say. A shimmering essay from a so-so English student, for example, clashes like “red stilettos and sweats,” said Sarah M. McGinty, a Boston admissions consultant and author of “The College Application Essay.”

…”There’s a little bit of a disconnect sometimes,” said Gil J. Villanueva, dean of admissions at Brandeis University. “We expect people to write like 17- and 18-year-olds, and sometimes it comes across like it could be in a book.”

…Heavily edited essays often come across as scripted, sanitized. Essays with some rough edges are not only authentic, they are better reads.

…”Almost the worst thing is for students to write to what they think we are looking for,” said Stu Schmill, interim admissions director at MIT. “The best thing they can do is write from the heart.”

You’re not perfect (nobody is).  So don’t aim for perfection in your college applications.  Follow the directions and treat the applications with the care they deserve, but be yourself.   Write what you want to write and make sure the application sounds like you.  Real is better than perfect.

Do college admissions officers look at your Facebook profile?

At a seminar last week, a parent asked me if college admissions officers will look at the Facebook pages of their applicants.

My answer–"Of course they do."

No, not all admissions officers.  And no college has an institutional policy for admissions officers to check Facebook profiles of all their applicants.  

But most college admissions officers are in their early to mid twenties.  They've got Facebook pages of their own.  And if they're particularly intrigued by an applicant, or if their curiosity is piqued for any reason and they'd like to know more, why wouldn't they Google that kid?  If a Facebook page popped up, why wouldn't they click into it?  Wouldn't you?  I would.

When someone applies for a job here at Collegewise and we're thinking about interviewing him or her, the first thing I do is Google the name.  And if they've got a Facebook page, you can bet I'm clicking into it.  It's not policy; it's just me satisfying my curiosity. 

You can debate whether or not it's fair or professional for admissions officers to do it, but the reality is that what you put up online is public information for anyone who navigates to that site.  If you don't want the public to have it, don't put up the information. 

So if you've got a Facebook page, keep everything private.  While you're at it, I'd be vigilant about what pictures you let your friends post of you on any website, Facebook or otherwise.  Once someone snaps this and posts it to the internet, it's never, ever going away. 

On colleges accepting YouTube videos with applications

Some colleges have begun inviting students to create optional videos they can post to YouTube so admissions officers can view them as part of the application.  Two of the most viral video creations from fall 2010 applicants were a flying elephant from a Tufts hopeful and a ukulele-playing student applying to George Mason.  

I got an email from a reporter doing a story about this who wanted to know:


What do you make of this trend?  Fun? Not a good idea? Good way to showcase personality? Is this the college application of the future?  And does this concern you at all, either from a serious privacy level, or just the idea that these kids have their dorkiest moments that go viral, moments that they'll never really be able to escape later?

Here's the response I sent:


I like the video option because it coaxes kids to relax and maybe even have a little fun.  Kids feel so much pressure when applying to college today that a lot of them are scared to death to just be themselves in their applications and essays.  Colleges are in the business of evaluating seventeen year-olds, so it’s OK to just be a real kid behind all the grades and test scores.  If a student sees the video option and gets excited to make and share something about himself, that’s probably a good sign.  Even the directions on the Tufts application section for the videos say, “Think outside the box when you answer the following questions. Take a risk and go somewhere unexpected. Be serious if the moment calls for it but feel comfortable being playful if that suits you, too.”  They’re inviting kids to stop worrying about being impressive and to just share what they want to share.

We’re not necessarily looking at the future of college applications here because I don’t think videos are ever going to be something that’s required or even encouraged by a majority of colleges.  It’s time consuming for admissions officers to view these, and the applicant pools are just too large at many colleges to make this an option.  There’s also a question of inequity–too many kids don’t have access to video equipment.  Does a get a student who’s got thousands of dollars worth of equipment to shoot, edit and produce a masterpiece deserve an admissions advantage over a kid without those resources?  That’s why colleges will never be able to place too much weight on videos.  They’ll be a fun option that some kids use, but never a significant factor in the admissions process.     

And something you brought up in your original email is what concerns me about the videos–their longevity.  How many people do you know who would feel comfortable with the college application essay they wrote back in high school being posted online for the world to see today?  Most people wouldn’t want that.  YouTube videos live on forever.  When you’re a seventeen year-old college applicant and you make a video showing how much you like to air guitar in your room, that might make for an endearing college application video.  But how is that kid going to feel after college when potential employers do a Google search and see a video of him rocking out to Journey’s Greatest Hits?  Not good.

That last point doesn’t concern me enough to say that colleges shouldn’t invite kids to do this.  Kids are putting stuff up online with or without the colleges’ invitation to make videos  But it is something that I think people will be talking about five years from now when those applicants come out of college. 

Make college applications all about you

Talking only about yourself is a lousy way to have a conversation (and a surefire way to make sure a first date never leads to a second date).  But it's a great way to fill out a college application.

Unless a college specially asks you to talk about someone or something other than yourself, every essay and short answer question should focus on you.  You're the subject.  Bring the focus back to you as often as you can.

Even a question about why you want to attend the college should focus on you, not the college.

This applicant is making the college the focus:

"I visited Reed last summer and the students seemed very friendly and open.  They made me feel comfortable and knew I could see myself going to school there.” 

We don't learn much about that applicant.  But this one inserts himself into the response.

“When I visited Reed with my mom last summer, I knew it was the right place for me when I overheard one student say to his friends, “Speaking of bacteria…” and they all just started laughing hilariously.  I don’t even know what they were talking about or why it was so funny.  But it was probably something dorky, and that’s exactly who I am.  I’ve never known where the cool party was in high school and I’ve never cared.  I want to hang out with kids who aren’t ashamed that they’re terrible at sports but great at reading, like me.  I want to be with kids who think bacteria jokes are funny.”   

More details about you and your experience almost always make your story more compelling.  This applicant's description of a challenge he overcame doesn't help him stand out:

“I went to my teacher for extra help every day after school for three weeks.  Because of my hard work, I eventually started to understand chemistry better.”

But in this revision, the additional detail about his experience makes us feel like we were there with him. 

"For those three weeks, Mr. Chapman knew I was going to show up at his classroom at 3:05 p.m. every day.  I’d sit at a desk right in the front row while Mr. Chapman explained chemistry problems on the board.  And at some point during our second week of working together, I realized that I was starting to get it.  I was doing the problems on my own and Mr. Chapman was just smiling at me proudly."

Colleges spend countless hours crafting applications that will help them get to know their applicants better.  If you want your applications to help you stand out, give colleges what they want.  Focus on you.  Make yourself the subject of your stories.  Put enough detail in that nobody else applying could write the same essay.

College applications are a rare opportunity when you can talk about yourself at length without seeming self-obsessed.  So enjoy it. 

Putting a little soul into your college applications

One of the definitions of "soul" is "the animating principle; the essential element or part of something." 

Successful college applicants don't just complete their college applications; they use those applications to reveal essential elements of their personality and help admissions officers get to know them better.  They inject a little soul into their applications.  There really is an art to it.  And tomorrow, we're unveiling a new seminar for our Collegewise families to teach the art.  

Tomorrow, I'll deliver the first session of our new seminar, "The Art of College Applications."  We already do seminars about the college essay, interview, and how to to secure strong letters of recommendation, so this new seminar will teach how to use the remaining short essays and "quick take" sections to inject a little soul into your college application. 

Specifically, I'll be teaching how to approach some of the most common short-essay prompts like these:

1.    “Tell us why you think our school is a good fit for you.”

2.    “How will you contribute to our campus community?” 

3.    “Describe your academic interests (and how do you plan to pursue them).” 

4.    “Describe a time when faced a challenge or adversity.” 

5.    “Describe a time where you made a difference in your school or community.”

6.    “Where have you experienced diversity/How will you contribute to our diversity?” 

7.    “Describe a time when you failed or made a mistake.” 

8.     "Is there anything else you would like to share with us regarding your
background or interests that you didn’t have the opportunity to share

9.    “Quick take” questions, like…

    • It would surprise my friends to know that I… 

    • If I could travel anywhere in time or space, either real or imagined, I’d go…

    • The last book I read outside of class was… 

10.   Optional essays.

You can find samples of some of the advice in the series I wrote last November, "30 Colleges, 30 Collegewise Guides to Getting In."

When admissions offices educate

I love it when an admissions office takes steps to educate families, not about the school or the reasons why a student should attend, but about how to manage the process, reduce stress, and maybe even enjoy yourself a little. 

Admissions officers at MIT, University of Chicago, and the University of Richmond have blogs that don't just serve their own interests; they give away solid advice for free. 

No student applying to college should write a college essay without reading University of Virgina's Parke Muth's "Writing the Essay: Sound Advice from an Expert."

And today's post from The Choice Blog shares a great piece from Middlebury College's website entitled "Top Ten Things for Parents to Remember."

Two words that can help you get into college

Two of my favorite words are "oomph" and "pithy."  Successful college applicants have oomph, and they know how to be pithy. 

"Oomph" means energy, vitality, or enthusiasm.

Students with oomph aren't just plodding through their classes and activities hoping to get into a good college.  They're high impact players.  Things are better when you've got people with oomph around.  They make classes, clubs, teams and even just lunches better for everyone. They make our college counseling program better for our counselors, too.  We're always on the lookout for students with appropriate levels of oomph. 

"Pithy" means  brief,

Great college essays have pithy beginnings, like this one from one of our former Collegewise students:

Quotation I think Holden Caulfield is a jerk.  There.  I said it.  I've been dying to say it ever since we read 'Catcher in the Rye' in my sophomore English class.

No messing around there.  That kid came right out and said something meaningful.

You don't have unlimited space on college applications.  You don't have unlimited time during college interviews.  Being pithy helps you make the most of your allotted space and time.

So bring some oomph into your life.  Don't just sit in your English class; put your hand up and try answering a question.  Be happy to be at basketball practice.  Thank your boss for giving you an opportunity.  Instead of waiting for your friends to plan something fun, start planning and wait for them to follow.

And when it's time to tell your stories to colleges, don't hide behind long explanations that don't really say anything.   Don't be shy.  Come right out and make your point.  Get pithy.

What’s your role?

What's role on the baseball team, on the student government, or in the school play? 

You might say you're the pitcher, the treasurer, or Danny Zucko (if you're performing Grease).  Those titles are important, but they're not your roles.   Titles are easy to describe.  Your role is a little more complex.  Your role is different than a position, an office, or a part.

For example, in addition to being a pitcher, you might also be the one who gave all the guys nicknames.  Or you might be the one who kept people laughing on the bus even when you were in the middle of a 5 game losing streak.  Or you might be the one who called the catcher the day after his error cost the team the championship, just to see how he was doing.

In addition to being the treasurer, you might also be the one who mediated the dispute between two other officers, or who studied parliamentary procedure and encouraged everyone to use it at your meetings, or who knew how to stand up and give an impassioned speech when you could tell the group needed to be inspired.

In addition to being the lead in the school play, you might also be the one who made sure the understudies got invited out for the post rehearsal pizza, or who made it your mission to promote and sell out opening night, or you could be the one on whom the teacher relied to run rehearsals on days when she had to teach an after school program.

When we brainstorm college essays with our Collegewise students, one of the things we listen for is evidence of them playing their roles.  The roles are often more interesting than the job titles. 

So think about the roles you play, how you play them, and how they help you make an even bigger impact.  And don't be afraid to share them when you discuss your activities with colleges.